christopher

bearing CHRIST

Born Again

 If a person is not born again, it is impossible for that one to see the Kingdom of God. John 3:3

What did Jesus mean when He used this phrase born again?

On this page:

Change of heart?

The Gospel of John, chapter 3, verses 1 through 21 records a conversation between Jesus and a man named Nicodemus, a local religious leader who had come to speak with Him. Much of so-called modern Christianity has interpreted and propagandized this passage to infer that God is offering a sort of premier membership in the Club of Heaven and mankind is welcome to exercise his free will and join up.

According to the teachings of popular Christian figures, one might think God exists primarily to see to it that club members are stupidly happy and all are leading fulfilled lives, pursuing marvelous careers, living in beautiful houses, having large savings accounts, driving the latest cars, wearing the latest fashions, occupying themselves with meaningful hobbies and staying continuously entertained as they each discover God’s wonderful plan for their respective lives. If you think this sounds at all similar to that covetous and lustful pursuit of the legendary “American Dream”, your suspicions would be correct. After all, we are told, Christians are the children of the King and they deserve the very best life has to offer. While some non-club members may have much more of all those things that the King’s kids are deserving of, Christians know that the lives of non-members are likely unfulfilled. Unless they join the club, of course.

The various sects and/or denominations within Christianity may all have their own technical requirements for club membership, but most agree that the label of born again is applicable to bona fide members. Being born again is largely considered to be synonymous with becoming a Christian and implies one may have had a sincere change of heart or a change of mind, and this is necessary to ensure you can get into heaven after you die. One might wonder if Jesus, in His conversation with Nicodemus, didn’t know how to say things like change of heart, change of mind, become a Christian, join our church, or even go to heaven, so he used the overly dramatic, yet purely figurative phrase born again.

In truth, Jesus did not tell Nicodemus that people need to change their minds or have a change of heart or become a Christian or even join a church. What He said was:

If a person is not born again, it is impossible for that one to see the Kingdom of God. John 3:3

  • Question: So, what does the term born again mean?
  • Answer: Read on…

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Christian / Christianity

Were you aware that the word Christianity never appears in the Bible, not once, not anywhere? In fact, the word Christian appears only three (3) times:

And when he had found him, he brought him with him to Antioch. And a whole year they met together in the church, and instructed many people. From that time forth, the disciples were first called Christians, at Antioch. Acts 11:26

King Agrippa said to him: Almost, thou persuadest me to become a Christian. Acts 26:28

But if he suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on account of this name. 1Peter 4:16

Antioch, Syria may have been the cultural center and bridge between the Aramaic speaking world of Syria, Israel, Asia Minor, Persia, Assyria, Babylon and the Greek speaking Western Roman Empire. Followers of the Messiah were first called כרסטינא (Kristyane) in Antioch. Kristyane is a transliteration of the Greek Χριστιανός (Christianos) and was apparently a rather derogatory label meaning, “little Christs!”

As you re-read all three (3) verses, above, if you will simply replace the word Christian with little Christ(s), curling your lip a bit and kind of snarling as you you say it, you may get a little closer to conveying the original intent behind the word. I am not suggesting it is a bad thing to be called a little Christ, or Christian. I am saying that those who did the name calling certainly meant it to be a bad thing. The king said to Paul, “You are so convincing: I almost want to be one of these little Christs!” Peter was saying, “…don’t be ashamed of being name-called a little Christ. Glorify God because of this name!”

Please note that our LORD Jesus never referred to Himself as a Christian. More to the point, neither did any of His disciples. They never called one another Christians. And, just in case you were not already aware, Jesus most certainly did not start a new religion called Christianity!

For more on this topic, see my article titled, “The House of God.”

  • Question: Why does any of this matter?
  • Answer: Whether one belongs to the religion of Christianity or not, or considers himself to be a Christian or not, is of no consequence. However, whether one is born again or not is of eternal consequence.

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Nicodemus

Nicodemus, a Pharisee and leader of the Judeans, visited Jesus one night. He told the Master:

We know that you are a teacher sent from God, for no man is able to do these miracles that you are doing unless God were with him. John 3:2

Nicodemus stated that Jesus’s ability to perform these miracles, these signs, was proof that He was sent from God. “We know” might better be interpreted as “some of us know”. Why? What “we know” is that Nicodemus was not speaking for all Judeans; he couldn’t be, as his contemporaries would later accuse Jesus of having a demon in him, having Beelzebub in him or casting out demons/devils by Beelzebub the Prince of demons/devils, the Chief demon/devil. “We” was not all inclusive.

Significantly, Nicodemus told Jesus he knew that Jesus was from God, and God was with Him, to which Jesus responded,

Timeless truth I am telling you: If a person is not born again, it is impossible for that one to see the Kingdom of God. John 3:3

What? What did that have to do with what Nicodemus had just said?

Notice how Jesus didn’t thank Nicodemus for giving Him such a nice compliment. Jesus didn’t praise Nicodemus for his devotion to years of religious study which gave him the intellectual knowledge necessary to make good decisions, such as properly distinguishing between true and false teachers.

Instead, Jesus revealed what it was that allowed Nicodemus to recognize that Jesus’s ability to perform miracles was of God, while others could not. Jesus explained to Nicodemus that, without a second birth, no man could perceive what Nicodemus perceived.

Jesus explained,

Timeless truth* I am telling you: If a person is not born from (1) water and (2) The Spirit, it is impossible that he shall enter the Kingdom of God. That which is born from flesh is flesh, and that which is born from The Spirit is spirit. John 3:5

*  אמין אמין – Pronounced “ah-meeyn, ah-meeyn”. This expression is transliterated into English as amen, amen and more popularly translated as verily, verily or truly, truly. Spoken by the Living God, it indicates that which was, is and ever shall be. It refers to that which is eternal, outside of the constraints of time. Timeless truth is that which is eternally true, regardless of so-called dispensations. Timeless truth carries eternal consequence.

  1. Being born from water is equivalent to being born of/from flesh
  2. Born from The Spirit is a separate birth; spirit birth is not flesh birth

Jesus clearly contrasted flesh with spirit. He explained that what comes from (is born of) flesh is (remains) flesh. That is all it is. That is all it ever will be. What comes from flesh is NOT spirit. It does not become spirit – It does not grow or evolve into spirit, not even with years of practice and/or study. What comes from (is born of) Spirit is spirit.

For a natural (soul-ish) man does not receive spiritual things, for they are madness to him, and he is not able to know, for they are known by spirit. 1Corinthians 2:14

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Born of water

NOTE: Within some Christian circles, as well as many New Age groups, you may hear the phrase spiritual rebirth used to indicate the distinction between non-members and “enlightened” members. This particular use of words demonstrates ignorance of both the Holy Scriptures and the Kingdom of God. While, technically, the word re-birth might suffice as a weak, conditional synonym for born again, the phrase spiritual rebirth is never found to exist in the Scriptures. Furthermore, there is no such notion of a spirit being reborn. Before you get huffy, read on to gain insight into precisely what Jesus was saying to Nicodemus. For even more on this topic, see my article titled, “The Origin of Man.”

The phrase born again is used in most Christian circles to refer to a state or condition achieved through a rather wide variety of membership rituals that may include pamphlets on “How to become a Christian,” invitations to “Come to my church,” Evangelism Crusades, threats of “You’re going to Hell!,” altar calls, repeat-after-me instant access prayers, baptisms, etc.

In the Peshitta, the Aramaic word we translate is born is מתילד (metil-led), and is a passive verb. Whenever the word is used it is referring to something that has happened to a person. It never refers to something a person does or will do. The passive verb is born is an action that is performed upon a person. It is not an action performed by a person. The active verb meaning to give birth (to bear, to beget, to produce) is an entirely different word: וילדן (wyald’an).

The Aramaic word(s) we translate as again is מן דריש (min d’reesh), and literally means from the top, from the beginning, from the origin. Think: from the start, do over. Thus, we have the Messiah telling Nicodemus,

If an already born person is not born all over again…

Nicodemus obviously understood Jesus to be saying that in order to be born again one would have had to have been born the first time. This is confirmed by his question, “How can an adult re-enter the womb to be born again?” He was not rebutting Jesus’s strange choice of words. He was not arguing with Jesus. This was Nicodemus’s intellectual attempt to understand the phrase born again. Nicodemus got it right: there must be another birth, a second birth which implies a first birth. What confused him was just how this was to be accomplished and what, if any, was Nicodemus’s role? If Jesus was suggesting a man needed to duplicate his first birth, how could it be possible, especially seeing as how he had no say in it the first time?

You may recall the story of Angel Gabriel who entered Maryam’s presence to inform her she was about to conceive and give birth to a son who would be called The Son of The Highest (see Luke 1:26-38). Significantly, Maryam didn’t argue with Gabriel. But she did ask, “How will this be, for no man has known me?” She didn’t understand how God would accomplish this, as she was a virgin. She happened to be engaged to a man, but would not have sexual intercourse with him until they were married. Her question to the Angel confirms that she understood Gabriel to be speaking of an imminent event, not of some day in the future (at least 9 months from whenever she and Joseph would first have intercourse) when Maryam would naturally get pregnant and have a child. Gabriel told her that nothing is difficult for God. In response, clearly not understanding how it would be made possible, Maryam accepted the Truth and said, “As a mere handmaid of God let it be done to me according to your word.”

Jesus was revealing Timeless (eternal) Truth to Nicodemus. To even see the Kingdom of God, a person must have already been born again. Nicodemus blew right past that revelation from the Master, as he got hung up on the whole birthing thing.

Jesus revealed even more Timeless (eternal) Truth: He clarified the meaning of the phrase born again as he declared that in order to enter the kingdom of God a person must have been born BOTH of water AND of Spirit.

  • Question: What does “born of water” mean? What is the significance of water birth?
  • Hint: It has nothing to do with being born in a bathtub or a pond. And it has nothing to do with being baptized, be that by full immersion in water or having been lightly sprinkled with a few droplets of special water as an infant.
  • Answer: Water birth is the first criteria for seeing and entering the Kingdom of God. Being born of woman, being born from flesh, is being born out of water – “My water broke… The baby is coming!”

You may ask, “If water birth simply means to be born of woman, then everyone qualifies. Why would Jesus make that which is already common to all a condition for entry into God’s Kingdom?”

Firstly, we are assured that being born of water is synonymous with being born of flesh, because Jesus said it was. For the most part, water birth has been common to all; however, were you aware that neither adam or Eve had a water birth? Adam was formed of the dust of the Earth, and Eve was formed of adam. Consider adam’s end: God said to adam, “From dust you came. To dust you will return.” He did not say, “From dust you came, but you shall be with me in Paradise.” God gave adam 930 years of life before the man returned to dust. Adam did not enter the Kingdom of God.

Are you aware of ongoing efforts to reproduce life outside of water birth? Are you aware of so-called synthetic wombs? If not, you may have some learning ahead of you.

Jesus told Nicodemus that in order to see the Kingdom of God one must BE born again. Be, not become. Be, not get.

To have a second birth, one must have had a first birth.

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Born of Spirit

Jesus continued,

Do not be surprised that I said to you that all of you must be born again. The Spirit breathes where he will, and you hear his voice, but you do not know from where he comes and where he goes; thus is everyone who is born from The Spirit. John 3:7

In the English translations of the Scriptures, the words Spirit, breath, and wind are typically derived from the same word in the original language(s). This is due to the fact that in these languages one word can translate into any one of three words in English. This is more true for Hebrew and Aramaic, but also can be true for Greek:

  • Hebrew – רוּחַ (Ruach)
  • Aramaic – רוחא (Rookah)
  • Greek – πνεῦμα (Pneuma)

By contrast, the words Spirit, breath, and wind do not all have the same meaning in English. Look at two translations of this popular passage:

The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit. John 3:8 (KJV)

The Spirit breathes where He will, and you hear His voice, but you do not know from where He comes and where He goes; thus is everyone who is born from The Spirit. John 3:8 (FCAB)

  • KJV – It, the wind, blows
  • FCAB – He, the Spirit, breathes

 When attempting to translate these words into English, recognize the considerable difference between an amorphous, random breeze blowing in a given locale on a given day and the Spirit of the Living God intentionally breathing life into a person. Which do you think Jesus was referring to when He was teaching Nicodemus about the Kingdom of God and being born a second time, being born of the Spirit?

There is a nonsensical interpretation of the verse above (John 3:8) commonly presented in religious circles that goes something like this:

A gentle wind blows, surely not a tempest, gale or hurricane. It has a mind of its own and does whatever it wants. You can hear it (so perhaps it’s not so gentle, after all) but you can’t see it. And you have no idea where it originated from or what its destination will be. Jesus was saying that is precisely what Christians are like!

As I said, this is nonsensical. In truth, Jesus told Nicodemus that God alone gives life and you have no say in the matter! You do not control Him. Just as you didn’t choose to be born from the water in your mother’s womb, let alone dictate the time and the place, you certainly don’t choose to be born of Spirit. The Spirit breathes where He will!

Nicodemus was only familiar with the first birth, a water birth, which had prompted him to ask:

How can an old man be born (again)? Is it not impossible for him again to enter his mother’s womb a second time and be born? John 3:4

Jesus did NOT correct Nicodemus regarding his understanding of equating being born of water with coming from his mother’s womb. He had clearly understood the Master to say that a second actual birth is required in order to even see God’s Kingdom, let alone enter into it. What he demonstrated in his question was his utter lack of knowledge regarding the things of the Spirit. He was so rattled by this teaching he exclaimed:

How can these things be? John 3:9

Jesus then said to Nicodemus,

You are the Teacher of Israel and you do not (already) know these things? John 3:10

If you are not already aware, let me point out that Jesus did not exhort Nicodemus to “go get born again.” He did not provide the man with “How To” instructions!

Was Jesus somehow missing an opportunity to “lead this soul to Christ”? Wasn’t that what Jesus was teaching? Wasn’t His message to convince people they were going to Hell unless they made a decision to become a Christian? Not on your life!

Organizational or club membership does not constitute Spirit birth. Striving to keep the Law does not constitute Spirit birth. A lifetime of religious service does not constitute Spirit birth. Being baptized does not constitute Spirit birth. Changing your mind or heart does not constitute Spirit birth. Becoming a Christian does not constitute Spirit birth.

  • Question: What is Spirit birth?
  • Hint: Being born again, born of sprit, is not figurative speech.
  • Answer: The Spirit breathes where He will – The seed of God is birthed within.

There are two distinct births of consequence presented by our LORD:

  • Born of the flesh, from water (from your mother’s womb)
  • Born of the Spirit (born of the seed of God)

When thinking about two births, think about two wombs: one filled with water and another filled with The Spirit.

With all this talk of birth – a water birth, then a Spirit birth – Jesus matter-of-factly described the TRUTH of God’s intent to Nicodemus; that being CHILDREN. God’s own children, born of His Spirit, born to see, enter and dwell in His kingdom in eternity. A kingdom, mind you, into which temporal, non-eternal flesh and blood CANNOT enter.

This is about two separate births. A man of flesh who has already been born once, via water, is informed that he has also been born a second time, of spirit. That is (good) news to him. And it explains why he has come to the Master, and NO ONE ELSE is with him.

Nicodemus wasn’t on the outside, looking in. Rather, he was on the inside, clueless as to what had happened. Jesus expected Nicodemus to know these things.

Up to this point, most of mankind has been born of water. But clearly, all have NOT been born of spirit.

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The kingdom of God

When asked, “Who do you say that I am?” Simon Peter told Jesus, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the Living God.” Jesus explained to Peter that “flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but My Father…”

Paul, writing to the Galatians, explained how upon being apprehended by the Living God he did not immediately consult with flesh and blood: “I did not go up to Jerusalem to see those who were apostles before I was…”

Paul told the Ephesians “…our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil…”

The author of the book of Hebrews wrote regarding the prophetic inheritance of Jesus, “And again he says, ‘Here am I, and the children God has given me.'” He went on to explain, “Since the children have flesh and blood, he (Jesus) too shared in their humanity…”

To the point, Paul wrote to the Corinthians, “…that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable.”

Jesus had told Nicodemus that, unless a man is born of water AND spirit, it is IMPOSSIBLE for him to enter the Kingdom of God. Flesh and blood, that which comprises the physical life of a man, is perishable; it is not eternal.

Jesus brought incredibly good news to mankind, proclaiming the existence of a realm He referred to as the kingdom of God. No less than 69 verses directly use this phrase, with 54 of those verses being found in the four (4) gospels.

  • Question: What is the kingdom of God?
  • Hint: It isn’t “Heaven.” It had nothing to do with the Roman province of Judea. And, while it may come as a surprise to many, the kingdom of God is most certainly not the United States of America.
  • Answer: See below…

The kingdom of God is NOT a kingdom of men. It is NOT inherited by flesh and blood. And yet it can be inherited; it can be entered into.

Paul explained to the brothers in Rome that, while he is 100% confident that NO food is to be considered “defiled” in the presence of Jesus, the Living God, it is imperative that we never introduce a stumbling block in front of our weaker brethren. For those who would remain enslaved to the idea of one food being pure, while another is impure, this is an issue for them alone. They are not permitted to teach or promote their own weakness. Nor are those who walk by faith permitted to force the weak to exercise their liberty in the Messiah. To walk by faith is to walk in love; the love of God. The governing understanding is:

For the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but the righteousness, and the peace, and the joy in the spirit of holiness. Romans 14:17

The rookah d’qudsha, or spirit of holiness, has been translated into English as the Holy Spirit for several hundred years. The word “holy” is sometimes translated as “set apart”, consecrated, and even sanctified. The meaning of the word holiness has taken on something of a life of its own and resulted in some fairly strange teachings in our time. But the TRUTH is quite straightforward:

God is spirit (rookah). 

Those who worship Him must do so in spirit (rookah).

Those who are born of spirit (rookah) are born of God, Who is spirit (rookah).

The seed of God, Who is spirit (rookah), is what is planted in those who are born of God. God’s seed accounts for what is “born” – the second, new birth. This seed is spirit (rookah), just as God (Whose seed it is) is spirit (rookah).

If you can hear it: there is only one (1) spirit:

But whoever cleaves to our Lord becomes one spirit with Him. 1Corinthians 6:17 

For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body…and we were all made to drink of one Spirit. 1Corinthians 12:13 

…for through Him we both have access by one Spirit to the Father. Ephesians 2:18 

 …keep the harmony of the spirit in the bonds of peace, …in one body and one spirit as when you were called in one hope… Ephesians 4:4

Only conduct yourselves in a manner worthy of the gospel of Christ; so that whether I come and see you or remain absent, I may hear of you that you are standing firm in one spirit… Philippians 1:27 

Spirit (rookah) is quite distinct from flesh and blood. This distinction is what the word “holy” (qudsha) refers to. This spirit has much power available:

For God has not given us a spirit of fear, but of power… 2Timothy 1:7

Another translation reads:

The spirit God has given us does not make us fearful, but powerful…

To the believers struggling in Corinth, Paul had written:

Some of you have become arrogant, boisterous, as if I were not coming to you. But, if the Lord is willing, I will come to you very soon and then I will know not the words of these arrogant people, but what power they have. For the kingdom of God is not a matter of talk, but of power.  1Corinthians 4:18-20

The kingdom of God is not about flesh and blood. It isn’t about flowery speeches or long-winded sermons. It isn’t about banquet meals or diet restrictions. It isn’t about fear.

The kingdom of God is God’s righteousness, God’s peace, God’s joy – experienced in the one spirit that is God and which has been birthed within those who are His. The kingdom of God, His righteousness, peace and joy IN THE SPIRIT, is demonstrated PHYSICALLY in power.

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The Book of Life

The Scriptures contain eight (8) verses that refer to the Book of Life and the names it does or does not contain. Two (2) verses refer to those whose names are written in the Book of Life. Two (2) verses reference the blotting out of names. One (1) verse tell us the dead are judged by what was written in the Book of Life. Three (3) verses speak of those whose names are NOT written in the Lamb’s Book of Life.

Four (4) actions are associated with the Lamb’s Book of Life:

  1. Names are written in – Philippians 4:3, Revelation 21:27
  2. Names are blotted out / not blotted out – Psalm 69:28, Revelation 3:5
  3. Dead are judged by what was written – Revelation 20:12
  4. Names are NOT written in – Revelation 13:8, Revelation 17:8, Revelation 20:15
  • Question: Whose names are blotted out?
  • Answer: The enemies of God, including those who do not overcome – Psalm 69: Revelation 3:5
  • Question: When is a person’s name entered into the Book of Life?
  • Answer: From the foundation of the world – Revelation 13:8, Revelation 17:8
  • Question: Who are the people NOT written in?
  • Answer: (Read on…)

And all who dwell on earth will worship it, everyone whose name has not been written before the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who was slain. Revelation 13:8

The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to rise from the bottomless pit and go to destruction. And the dwellers on earth whose names have not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world will marvel to see the beast, because it was and is not and is to come. Revelation 17:8

And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire. Revelation 20:15

Did you realize those whose names are NOT written in the Lamb’s Book of Life are the very ones who worship the beast? These verses refer to the generation of people who experience the fulfillment of the prophecies just prior to the return of the King. Among that generation we find those whose names are not written in the Book of Life. But we also find those who do not receive the mark of the Beast, those who overcome, those who are alive and remain at his coming.

If a name that had been written in the Book of Life was subsequently blotted out of the Book of Life, then it could said of that name that it was not found in the Book of Life, and this understanding can readily explain Revelation 20:15.

But both Revelation 13:8 and Revelation 17:8 speak of those whose names were never written in, never entered in the first place. Let that sink in…

…and consider Jesus’s words to Nicodemus regarding the first criteria for entrance into the kingdom of God, the requirement of being born of water.

As enticing as it might be to believe, the Lamb’s Book of Life is not a listing of mostly pleasant, religious, church-going people throughout the last two thousand years with the addition of the names of a handful of wealthy donors who purchased an entry in the Book. Nor did it begin as an empty book into which God added names as people became club members.

This Book contains the names and deeds of all those born of water AND the Spirit. The requirement of being born of water would would exclude adam and Eve, as well as any who have been, are or would yet be spawned outside of water, “his mother’s womb” (laboratories? synthetic wombs?). The requirement of being born of the Spirit would further restrict the names in the Book.

Do you now perceive the significance of Jesus’s words to Nicodemus, when He said:

If a person is not born from water and The Spirit, it is impossible that he shall enter the Kingdom of God. John 3:5

If you are not born of water AND The Spirit, you cannot even perceive the Kingdom of God, let alone enter into it!

If you can see His Kingdom, it is because God has birthed you: not just once – of water. But again – of spirit. Now you may enter in.

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Eternal Life

For we do not rejoice in those things that are seen, but in these things that are unseen. For things seen are time related, but those things that are unseen are eternal. 2Corinthians 4:18

In short: time is a construct, a created linear structure in which man dwells and for which the sun, moon and stars (lights in the firmament) were given as instruments of measurement. That which is constrained by time, or time-related, is not eternal. That which is eternal is not constrained by time. Eternal life is not immortal life, per se. Immortality, as it is perceived and presented by men, is typically equated with never aging. It is not even necessarily equated with never dying. Eternal life is Spirit life, life outside of time, having no beginning and no ending.

Concerning the hope of eternal life, which The True God promised before the times of the world. Titus 1:2

At the time of the conversation Jesus was having with Nicodemus, a detail remained in order to secure eternal life for God’s children, those born of His Spirit. Jesus would handle this detail, shortly. He described it to Nicodemus this way:

Just as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, thus The Son of Man is going to be lifted up, so that every person who believes in him shall not be lost, but shall have eternal life. John 3:14

By the way: it was not a live, hissing snake coiled around a staff that Moses lifted up, that which would later come to be adopted as the universal symbol of the witchcraft and sorcery of so-called modern healthcare. Read the passages for yourself:

And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived. Numbers 21:9

He (Hezekiah) removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brasen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it: and he called it Nehushtan. 2Kings 18:4

Jesus came to die as the sacrifice for the sins of many, and was lifted up for all to gaze upon. Why was this necessary?

For all have sinned… Ecclesiastes 7:20, Romans 3: 9, Romans 3:23, Romans 5:12, Galatians 3:22

There is none righteous… Psalm 14:3, Romans 3:10

The wages of sin is death… Romans 6:23

He that is dead is freed from sin… Romans 6:7

The One died in the place of every person; so then every person died with him … 2Corinthians 5:14

I was co-crucified with Christ… Galatians 2:20

Your life is hidden with Christ in God… Colossians 3:3

Jesus concluded His conversation with Nicodemus by explaining the following to him:

For God loved the world in this way: so much that he would give up his Son, The Only One, so that everyone who trusts in him shall not be lost, but he shall have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world that he would condemn the world, but that he would give life to the world by him. Whoever believes in him is not judged, and whoever does not believe is judged already, because he does not believe in The Name of The Only Begotten Son of God. This is the judgment: The Light has come into the world and the children of men loved the darkness more than The Light, because their works were evil. For everyone who does what is hateful, hates The Light and does not come to The Light, lest his works should be convicted. But he who does The Truth comes to The Light, so that his works may be revealed, that they are performed by God. John 3:16-21

John, who recorded these things, later put it this way in his letter:

And this is the testimony: God has given us Eternal Life, and that life is in his Son. Everyone who lays hold of The Son lays hold also of The Life, and everyone who does not lay hold of The Son of God does not have The Life in him. These things I have written to you that you will know that you have Eternal Life, you who believe in the name of The Son of God. 1Jn 5:11-13

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